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When presenting scientific work, try to cover the following information, so that reader can well assess the contribution, potential impact, and relevance of your work:


  • Problem: What is the problem you are trying to address?
  • Research questions: What are the research questions you are trying to answer? (to make novelty/originality clear)
  • Idea: What is your idea of how to address the problem? (is often broader than the contribution)
  • Contributions: Which contributions to the research area are you making with that idea?
  • Benefits: What are the benefits of your contributions?
  • Evaluation: How do you plan to evaluate your envisioned benefits? (Validation)

Then, try to cover (part of) the claimed benefit in the evaluation. Always make the context clear, make claimed benefit in that context clear, and also the roles who can profit.

  • Not all benefits have to be validated in a dissertation/thesis. But be clear about what you validate and what is subject to future work (and then describe how it could be validated). But in that case, also mention which benefits you do validate (e.g. as sub-benefits in a hierarchy of benefits).
  • Additionally, research questions aiming at increasing understanding may not have to be validated in the classic sense.

PrICoBE is an extension of the PIBA scheme, a detailed account of its origin is available internally [1].